Robotic Intravenous Automation Equipment


C&S provided full architectural, mechanical, electrical, and life safety design services for installation of a new pharmacy Robotic Intravenous Automation (RIVA) equipment in the basement of the hospital’s North Wing.

RIVA is a medical device used by hospital pharmacies to automatically and accurately prepare IV syringes and bags. The space proposed for RIVA was very constricted, and prior to design C&S conducted a study to ascertain that the installation was feasible.

In order to accommodate the RIVA equipment, the area needed to be subdivided into two clean rooms. Clean rooms are classified according to the number and size of particles permitted per volume of air. The clean room for the equipment needed to meet ISO 7 standards (<10,000 particles per cubic meter of air), and an interlocked gowning room needed to meet ISO 8 standards (<100,000 particles per cubic meter of air). A remote user control room was also necessary. The study determined the proposed space could be designed to meet the requirements of the equipment and users, so C&S proceeded to design the installation.

The mechanical system included HEPA-filtered and recirculated air with ceiling-mounted fan filter units using a ceiling plenum. HEPA filters were provided in the equipment room and gowning room. Mechanical design conformed to United States Pharmacopeia (USP) 797 “Guidebook to Pharmaceutical Compounding-Sterile Preparations.”

Door electric interlocks were installed between the gowning room and equipment room to ensure that only one door could open at a time, maintaining positive air pressure in the RIVA space. The design included room intercoms, pass-through windows, room alarms for security, cameras at the entrance of the pharmacy space, card reader access, a sink in the gowning room for hand washing, sprinklers in the ceiling, and new lighting. The floor is a seamless sheet vinyl with cove base. The walls are an aluminum composite panel clean room wall system, and the ceiling tiles are gasketed acoustical special clean room tiles.